Please read the following information carefully:
This website uses both its own and third-party cookies to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services tailored to everyone’s needs and interests.
In accordance with the EU e-Privacy Directive, in force since May 26, 2012, and with the provisions of Law no. 506 of November 17, 2004 on the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector, all website visitors are required to consent before sending cookies to their computers.
What is a cookie?
An Internet Cookie (also known as a browser cookie, HTTP cookie or simply cookie) is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, that will be stored on the computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from which the Internet is accessed. The cookie is installed by the request issued by a web server to a browser (eg Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely passive (does not contain software, viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive).
Cookies play an important role in facilitating access to and delivery of multiple services that the user enjoys on the Internet, such as:
• Customize certain settings such as:
– the language in which a site is viewed;
– accessing old preferences by pressing the back and forth button.
• Cookies provide site owners with feedback on how their sites are used by users, so that they can make them even more efficient and accessible to users;
• Allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be included in a particular site to create a more valuable, useful and enjoyable browsing experience;
What are the advantages of cookies?
A cookie contains information that links a web browser (user) to a specific web server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users: eg online privacy preferences, site language options.
What is the lifetime of a cookie?
Cookies are administered by webservers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website, while other cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website. (‘persistent cookies’). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time via browser settings.
How are cookies used by the website?
A visit to the website may place cookies for the purposes of:
• increase the performance of the website;
• analysis of visitors;
• user registration.
Other third party cookies
On some pages, third parties may set their own anonymous cookies, in order to track the success of an application or to customize an application. Due to the use of the website, the website cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access the cookies held by that website. For example, when the user distributes an article using the social media button on a website, that social network will record the user’s activity, not the website on which the button is located.
What kind of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances the Internet browsing experience, for example:
• settings for the language in which you want to access a site;
• keeping a user logged in to the webmail account;
• online banking security;
Why are cookies important for the Internet?
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Refusing or disabling cookies may make some websites impossible to use. Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive online advertising – but only that it will no longer be able to take into account the user’s preferences and interests, highlighted by the browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate through an account):
• content and services adapted to the user’s preferences – categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment websites and tourism services;
• offers adapted to users’ interests – retention of passwords, language preferences (eg: displaying search results in Romanian)
• retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions);
• measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as: confirmation of a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user reaches a website (eg through search engines, directly, from other websites etc.). Website owners carry out these analyzes to perfect the websites, for the benefit of the users.
Security and privacy issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed, nor can they run automatically. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses. Cookies may, however, be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular website and on other websites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures. In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings, which provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, the period of validity and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other security issues related to cookies
Because identity protection is very valuable and represents the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know what possible problems cookies can create.
Because through them, information is constantly transmitted, in both directions, information between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the transmission of data, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (eg, an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on webservers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information in order to gain unauthorized access to certain sites.
It is very important that users are careful in choosing the most appropriate method of personal information protection.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies
Here are some tips that can ensure that you browse without worry, but with the help of cookies:
• customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable level of cookie security for you;
• if you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration dates for storing your browsing history and personal access data;
• If you share access to your computer, you can consider adjusting your browser to clear individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access the websites that place cookies and to delete any visit information, at the end of the browsing session;
• Install and constantly update your antispyware applications. Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include site attack detection. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software;
• make sure your browser is always up to date. Many cookie-based attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided, if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest sites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.
What do you do if you do not want cookies installed on your computer?
There are people for whom the storage of information extracted from their computer or mobile device is relatively invasive, especially when the information in question is stored and used by third parties unknown to them. If you prefer, you can block all cookies or just some of them or even remove cookies that have been installed on your terminal. However, be aware that you may not be able to use certain features. To enable this lock, you must change your browser privacy settings. Some third-party operators have developed tools whose modules enable data collection and use to be disabled. Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, the refusal to accept cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive / see online advertising. It is possible to set in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or the browser can be set to accept cookies from a certain website. But, for example, a user is not registered using cookies, will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings.
These settings are usually found in the browser’s Options, Settings or Preferences menus (buttons)